Spiders are not in any way cute to most of the general public.
They are considered to be creepy crawlers for a large majority of people and a few of their species can be quite dangerous.
While they do not really cause great harm at home like other pests such as rats, cockroaches and bugs, they can be determinants of certain issues inside the house which have not yet been discovered by homeowners.
Thus it is important to know how to get rid of spiders so that the house would be kept clean and safe from pests.
However, before trying to know how to eliminate spiders in and around the house, it is best to know more about them first, as there are some house spiders which provide unsung benefits to owners rather than cause harm.
Types of Spiders
There are over 2,000 species of spiders, but most of them are harmless and live in the wild. There are those however that tend to be more dangerous because of their venom. Unlike other insects, spiders have the ability to produce webs not only to build homes but also to catch prey, as they usually feed on smaller types of insects.
In general, spiders can be classified into three groups, the non-venomous spiders, tarantulas, and poisonous spiders.
Non-venomous spiders are commonly known as house spiders, and they grow up to the size of a raisin.
They come in colors brown, black or gray, and their legs sometimes have stripes. They live in the darker parts of the house, in which they build webs to catch prey such as mosquitoes and smaller bugs.
While they do not cause major problems in the house, they tend to be annoying to the eyes and their webs cause added dirt inside.
Tarantulas meanwhile are bigger spiders, and come in brighter colors. They are not the usual house spiders and are considered to be wild.
What makes them different from common spiders is that they have hairy legs and crawl in a creepy manner, causing some terror especially to young kids. However, they make good exotic pets.
Venomous spiders on the other hand are also considered exotic and not fit for domestic care. They come in different sizes, and inject venom to their prey. Spider bites are not as dangerous as snake bites or bee stings, but they do cause itchiness, swelling and rashes on the affected area. Some extreme cases reported deaths of humans due to spider bites, but these are very rare.
When to Get Rid of Spiders
As said earlier, common spiders are not dangerous, but can cause added dirt due to cobwebs and prey to bigger insects or animals around the house. Hence, it is important to know whether it is the right decision to get rid of them as they may offer some benefits as well.
When planning to get rid of spiders, one should first determine the population of the insect around the house. It may be a wise decision to have them exterminated, especially when they can be found in almost every corner of the home. Indeed they get to balance the ecosystem in the garden or backyard, but at home they can just be a nuisance especially in closed rooms and cupboards.
If the population of spiders in the house is quite low, and they don’t tend to be annoying or cause any form of disturbance around the home, then it may better to let them be. After all, they may be the ones that keep other pests such as ants or mosquitoes from causing issues around the house.
Fast Way to Get Rid of Spiders
There are different ways to get rid of spiders. The easiest and most convenient way probably is to hire an exterminator to get rid not only of spiders but as well as other pests inside the house, such as bugs, termites, ants, cockroaches and rats. However, exterminators use chemicals which can be dangerous when inhaled and at the same time last for only a few weeks.
There are also other ways to get rid of spiders alone. Aside from regular sweeping and removal of cobwebs, homeowners may use sticky pads or fly traps on spiders by placing them on areas where the insects usually thrive.
These pads may also be placed on the walls where spiders crawl on, as they hate sticky surfaces and in turn would no longer come back to the specified area. For more serious spider infestation problems, commercial pesticides may be sprayed in the areas where they usually come out.
One easy method to get rid of spiders is by eliminating all the other bugs inside the house. By having these bugs exterminated, spiders would no longer have the prey to feed on, and eventually they would leave the house and rather settle outside.
Removing Spiders Outside the House
In case there is a spider infestation outside the house, such as in the garden or backyard, the easiest way to get rid of them is by regular sprinkling of water in the plants and other hidden areas in which they live. Spiders do not have the liking for water, and they get weak once they get washed out by splash or sprinkling session.
Removing Spiders from the Basement
The basement is one of the areas where most spiders can be found, mainly because of its dark, humid atmosphere. Hence, to control the proliferation of spiders in the basement, pesticide solutions can be sprayed regularly along with cleaning. It is important to dust off all areas and corners of the basement to make sure that spiders won’t be able to thrive and populate.
Eliminating Spider Mites
Spider mites meanwhile are microscopic spiders which can cause damage to wood, as well as to plants in gardens and the other places in which they settle in. While they can be hard to see by the naked eye, they can be eliminated by pesticide sprays followed by soap solutions during cleaning sessions. Regular spraying should be done for about four weeks or more, so that they can be totally eradicated from the house.
Remember- always treat every spider as if it is venomous as the last thing we need is spider bites, follow the procedure below on how to get rid of spiders (safely) to remove spiders getting rid of spiders outside where they belong using a glass and a piece of cardboard or paper.
Some more methods on how to get rid of spiders.
1) Firstly put the glass over the spider without pinning the legs of the spider.2) Then slowly and carefully slide the paper underneath the glass.
3)When the paper is completely underneath the glass just slowly pick up the glass and paper (or cardboard) making sure not to create any gaps between the glass and paper or the spider might get out.
4)Then turn the glass upright keeping the glass covered at the top with the paper.
5)Then Take the spider outside into the garden while still holding the paper over the glass to prevent escape.
6) Once outside in the garden put the glass down remove the paper tipping the glass away from you with the top facing away and let the spider walk out.
Natural predation by the spiders natural enemies is another way on how to get rid of spiders from the home.
It is good practice to leave in place the spiders natural predators such as the common house gecko or barking gecko, depending on what part of Australia you live in these perfect little natural defenses against spiders and a natural way to get rid of spiders taking up residence in your home and are a must to have around.
Daddy long legs spider
The Daddy long legs spider I am sure we have all heard of before are a great defense against the Australian Redback spider and are completely harmless, the only drawback to having the Australian Daddy long legs spider in your home is their unsightly messy webs they build (usually in a corner of the room) besides this they are another great way on how to get rid of spiders.
The Daddy long legs spider is very common and found in most homes within Australia and there has been much misconception when it comes to the Daddy long legs spider whether or not it is in fact the worlds deadliest spider? so is the Daddy long legs poisonous? The Daddy long legs spider is in fact venomous and possess venom glands as well as fangs that are very tiny but are completely harmless to humans.
More methods on how to get rid of spiders
(1) It is important to keep a tidy house by way of removing clutter to a minimum as this provides hiding spots for spiders being secretive by nature. If you have an open fireplace do not bring wood inside as you will unwittingly bring spiders into the house in the process.
(2) Be sure to go right over the house and look for small holes such as cracks, wire entries, weep holes in the brickwork can be caused with stocking, any cracks that are not suppose to be there caulk them up to stop spiders getting in the house, all of these are good ways on how to get rid of spiders.
(3) Check all insect screening on doors and windows to prevent spiders in the home.
(4) Be sure the house is kept clean avoid creating a food station for insects by way of dirty dishes or food scraps on the floor as this will attract spiders in the house looking for prey.
(5) It is now time to start looking at your outdoor lighting, do away with white light as this attracts insects which in turn attracts spiders, use yellow sodium or mercury vapor lighting that will not attract insects ask your local hardware for more advice, this is another great tip on how to get rid of spiders.
(6) Keep foliage cut back from the house as this will give spiders a vegetation highway straight in through holes in your screens or under the doors.
(7) Be sure to fit insect protectors or insect wipers to all external doors to prevent spiders getting into the house, another front line method on How to get rid of spiders tip!
Did a poisonous spider bite you?
If you have been bitten by a spider, remain calm and check the following to determine if you need emergency medical care.
A spider bite is a very serious matter. But before you panic, remember that not all spiders are dangerous. These tiny creatures bite for self-defense. By nature, spiders do not attack creatures larger than themselves. But they may bite humans when they get pressed up or when spiders mistake human body parts (such as fingers) for small insects.
There are two spider species that are very poisonous and can cause harmful or even fatal reaction to the bitten person. These are the black widow spider and the brown recluse spider. Both spiders love the warm surroundings.
The black widow spider and its close relative Australian Red back Spider
The black widow spider belongs to the Latrodectus family of spiders. These spiders are small, shiny, black, button-shaped with a red abdomen mark that resembles an hourglass.
Black widow spider bite is found to be very poisonous because the widow spider releases “latrotoxin” and causes a condition called lactrodectism. The female black widow is more venomous than the male because it contains bigger venom glands. Immediate medical attention is needed when bitten by a black widow spider.
The symptoms for black widow bite depend on the body area, the amount of venom or toxin released and the body sensitivity to the bite. In many cases, the venom can be very painful when it affects the nervous system.
Watch out for these signs of black widow bite:
- Stinging sensation that is usually mild or painless
- Mild swelling just around the small bite marks
- Numbing pain that develops from the bite size to the back and abdomen immediately an hour after being bitten
- Painful abdominal cramping or rigidity of the abdomen muscles
Sometimes the whole body is affected and may manifest systemic symptoms like severe pain of the muscles and joints as well as the back and abdomen, vomiting, dizziness, sweating, restlessness, hypertension, chilling and fever, swelling of the face, rashes and difficulty in breathing.
Pain may be felt within the next 12 hours . After several days, the symptoms may go away but feeling of weakness may still persist.
The brown recluse spider
The brown recluse spider (BRS) is easily identifiable because of its violin-shaped mark on its back. Thus, the BRS is known by such nicknames as fiddleback spider, brown fiddler, or violin spider. It belongs to Loxosceles recluse family. Like the black widow, the brown recluse spider has a venomous bite.
If a person is bitten by a brown recluse spider, he can feel a mild stinging sensation and red mark on the area of the bite and painful swelling within the next 8 hours. Slight fever, rashes, nausea and restlessness are the common symptoms. Bitten children may die when left untreated, although such cases are rare.
First aid for spider bites
Poisoning from spider bites can be avoided. Follow these first aid treatments for spider bites:
- Identify what type of spider bit the person.
- Wash the bite area with soap and water to cleanse it.
- Cold compress should be applied over the affected area.
- If bite area is on an extremity, try to elevate it.
- Take acetaminophen like aspirin and antihistamines to relieve minor signs in adults but take precaution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers.
- Monitor the bite for any changes or if symptoms worsen within 24 hours.
- Seek medical help when symptoms of allergic reaction manifest.
What to do after applying first aid
After identifying the spider that bit a person, give the appropriate spider bite treatment.
- Call 911 or your local emergency service if a person has been bitten by a venomous spider and the victim is experiencing allergic reactions, such as difficulty of breathing, nausea and feeling of weakness.
- Clean the wound or bite area thoroughly.
- Apply cold compress or ice pack to the affected area.
- Take acetaminophen and antihistamines to relieve minor symptoms.
- Elevate the arm or leg to slow down the spread of the spider venom. Also, avoid moving the victim to slow down the venom.
- Tie a snug above the spider bite, but take caution not to cut off the blood circulation.
- Take the person to the doctor for further medical treatment if symptoms persist within 36 hours. Antivenom and hospitalization may be required.
Aside from the regular treatment routing-elevation and immobilization of the effected extremity, application of cold pack, local bite or wound cleansing and tetanus prophylaxis, other spider bite treatment can be applied. These include hyperbaric oxygen, dapsone, antibiotics, dextran, glucocorticoids, vasodilators, heparin, nitroglycerin, electric shock, curettage and surgical excision.
Risk factors of spider bites
Although rare, severe complications like coma, kidney failure and death can result from a spider bite. Still infants and young children, adults who are 60 years and more, and those with heart condition are at high risk and must be cautious.
So the best thing to do is to stay away from areas where you can get bitten by spiders (such as tall grasses and wood piles). Wear protective clothing when handling stacked piles of materials. Inspect your clothing, shoes or anything before using them. Store your clothes and equipment in closed plastic bags.